About Affirmative Action


Affirmative Action Defined

Affirmative Action refers to positive steps aimed at increasing the inclusion of historically excluded groups in employment, education and business. Such steps are not designed to offer preferential treatment to, or exclude from participation, any group. To the contrary, Affirmative Action policies are intended to promote access for the traditionally underrepresented through heightened outreach and efforts at inclusion.

To learn more about affirmative action, please click here


Affirmative Action History and Resources

There are many sources of information about Affirmative Action, its history and its definition. Here is a sample of such sources:


  1. Affirmative Action: History and Rationale: http://clinton2.nara.gov/WH/EOP/OP/html/aa/aa02.html
  2. A Brief History of Affirmative Action and Proposition 209 in California: http://www.oeod.uci.edu/aa.html
  3. The History of Affirmative Action Policies – In Motion Magazine Timeline: http://www.inmotionmagazine.com/aahist.html
  4. Federal Affirmative Action Law: A Brief History, Congressional Research Service, Charles Dale, http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/53577.pdf
  5. Affirmative Action Overview: How Do We Fix Discrimination? About.com, Women’s History, http://womenshistory.about.com/od/affirmativeaction/a/affirmative_action_overview.htm
  6. History and Timeline of Affirmative Action, UC Riverside, http://affirmativeaction.ucr.edu/history.html
  7. Affirmative Action Background, Leadership Conference On Civil and Human Rights, http://www.civilrights.org/resources/civilrights101/affirmaction.html
  8. Affirmative Action, Encyclopedia.com, http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/affirmative_action.aspx
  9. What is Affirmative Action? About.com: http://racerelations.about.com/od/diversitymatters/g/WhatIsAffirmativeAction.htm

See the AAAA bookstore for books about equal opportunity, diversity and affirmative action: http://www.affirmativeaction.org/bookstore.html